Hi, everyone. Today I want to talk about number theory, one of the most important and fundamental fields in all of mathematics. This is a field that grew out of arithmetic (as a sort of generalization) and its main focus is the study of properties of whole numbers, also known as integers.
Concepts and results from this field are important enough to have implications for (and be used in) almost every branch of mathematics. And not just mathematics. Number theory is also extremely fundamental to fields like cryptography and computer science and has applications in many other sciences, like physics and chemistry.[Read more…]